In cognitive-behavioral therapy cognition refers to thinking. Therefore, it’s not the action of having a thought, but the content of the thought itself. Our behavior is determined by our thoughts and perceptions to a great extent, and by the way we view ourselves and the world around us.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on changing our behavior by altering the way we think, particularly correcting our errors in logic. It seeks to shine a flashlight on these erroneous thoughts in our mind and help us to remove them from our thinking. We can then learn new ways to deal with situations we previously dreaded or found difficult.
Psychologists and other mental health professionals apply cognitive-behavioral therapy to alleviate symptoms of depression, anxiety, marital distress, and many others. Variations on cognitive-behavioral therapy include rational-emotive therapy, relaxation training, cognitive restructuring, as well as others. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is the most proven and effective technique in treating psychological disorders.